6 Types of Soles Material Used in Shoes “

Sneha Bharti
5 min readSep 5, 2020


Shoes shield our feet from the cold and warmth, is our indispensable daily wants. Wear a shoe for a protracted time, the shoe sole will be exhausted, the shoe sole of heaps of types of material are available in the market, for instance, TPR, PU, PVC, leather, rubber, and EVA sole. Let’s discuss each of them in brief.

TPR Sole

TPR stands for thermoplastic rubber. It has the melting and molding properties of plastic whereas still maintaining a number of the versatile properties of rubber. TPR sole is straightforward to make, a lot of vital than the significant weight, moderate value, however soft and poor, usually wear resistance. Usually accustomed to create casual shoes within the middle, the bottom.

The advantages of thermoplastic rubbers embody their ability to be recycled due to their easy being shaped and extruded. TPRs are common in shoe production since the 1960s, and that they are cost-effective material.

PU Soles

PU stands for Polyurethane. These soles are made up of a replacement quite organic chemical compound material. It’s been hailed because of the fifth massive plastic and is within the method of revolutionizing the industry.

Advantages: PU sole has a lower density than different soles together with a soft texture and high physical property. This makes it good for foot comfort. It does not solely provide nice wear and tear resistance however additionally has smart bending resistance and high hardness together with nice shock absorption.

Are you living in rainy climes? Don’t worry, it’s water-resistant and prevents slippage. The foremost vital issue here is additionally that it’s organic and so environmentally sound.

PVC Soles

PVC stands for Polyvinyl Chloride. These are micro yellow translucent particles. PVC soles are typically divided into 2 types, one quite injection machine with the soles of the mold, and therefore the different maybe a soft PVC foaming agent additional to create a sheet, once the froth forming into a PVC sole.

It is low-cost soles, wear resistance is poor, wear very light, lack of texture, typically accustomed to build fashion shoes.

Leather Sole

Animal skin sole is commonly thought of as this difficult material that doesn’t give cushion/comfort. The matters with this train of thought are that it really doesn’t take under consideration that whereas sole animal skin was created to be exhausting, one should not forget that truly it’s still simply skin and has the flexibility to mildew and form to your foot, permitting natural contour to require place (as it’s a natural product).

It thus, combined with cork, will produce a really soft and versatile footbed really making far more comfortable than it’s rubber counterpart. However, this is often additionally providing that support is correct.


The drawback of animal skin is that if not done properly (or within the absence of cork combined with a skinny sole), it will be terribly rigid and not really providing abundant in terms of comfort if not in the course of correct fitting lasts/certain shoe constructions, etc. A thin-soled, Blake sewn, flat last (no arch support) is going to be one among the foremost uncomfortable experiences ever. On the contrary, a double animal skin sole, discoverer welted shoes created on a final with correct support are going to be among the foremost comfy shoes around.

Rubber Sole

Rubber is commonly versatile right off the batting feat minimal housebreaking amount. Thus you unremarkably don’t feel thus stiff once a shoe is created on a rubber sole, albeit handwelted. It additionally being quite durable makes it feel snug for a few individuals. And naturally, it’s a lot of shock absorption thus after you step you don’t feel the hardness of the pavement the maximum amount as you would possibly within the animal skin sole.


Rubber (whether being claimed as natural or synthetic) doesn’t have the flexibility to mildew to your feet sort of an animal skin sole will. Whereas the innersole may mildew to your feet, the only doesn’t ever mildew. Therefore the rigidity of that lack of taking form will usually feel quite uncomfortable over time. That being, a rubber sole can usually feel snug within the starting of the day. However, if you were to get on your feet in one all day long, the non-forming rigidity of the rubber starts to create your feet grow tired.

EVA Sole

Technically remarked as olefine Vinyl Acetate, EVA could be a usually used material for sock liners, midsoles, outsoles, and even entire shoes. Currently, EVA offers one in every of the simplest shock engrossing properties in the world. This is often why nearly each major high line whole uses it on their shoes. Because of the mix of options like light-weight, unimaginable flexibility, physical property, and wonderful coloring. EVA is another winner for outsoles expecting significant usage.

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Originally published at https://www.footwearsb.com on September 5, 2020.